Mount Chomolungma – Everest. The highest mountain on Earth. Base Camp One, the North Face. South-Western Tibet 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.com
Also called Mount Chomolungma - is the highest mountain on Earth, and the highest point on the Earth: 8,848 meters (29,029 ft). It is part of the Himalaya range in Asia, being located on the border between Sagarmatha Zone, Nepal, and Tibet, China.
The northeast ridge route begins from the north side of Everest in Tibet. Expeditions trek to the Rongbuk Glacier, setting up Base Camp at 5,180 m (16,990 ft) on gravel plain just below the glacier. Prayer flags or Wind Horses are spread all around the Himalayas. Their six colors represent the six elements of the universe: : blue (space), white (water), red (fire), green (air), yellow (earth). Traditionally they contained intricate scripts, blessings and prayers which would be delivered by the wind horses drawn on them. At the beginning of each expedition, an altar for burning juniper incense is set up at Mt. Everest base camp to appeal to Goddess Chomolungma for protection in climbing the summit. Everyone puts their equipment (such as ice axes, harnesses, crampons, and candy) next to the altar so that they'll be blessed with good fortune.
Many local names existed, with perhaps the best known in Tibet for several centuries being Chomolungma, which had appeared on a 1733 map published in Paris by the French geographer D'Anville. So, he decided that Peak XV should be named after George Everest, his predecessor as Surveyor General.