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The ancient and refined traditional culture in Kathmandu, for that matter in the whole of Nepal, is an uninterrupted and exceptional meeting of the Hindu and Buddhist ethos practiced by its highly religious people. It has also embraced in its fold the cultural diversity provided by the other religions such as Jainism, Islam and Christianity. The ancient trade route between India and Tibet that passed through Kathmandu enabled fusion of artistic and architectural traditions of other cultures to be amalgamated with local architectural and artistic culture.
Kathmandu has also been described variously as "Land of Gods" and as "land of the largest congregations of magnificent historical monuments and shrines ever built".
The City Core has most of the remarkable cultural wealth that evolved during the reign of the Malla (Nepal) kings between 15th and 18th centuries. The city was filled with sculptures, pagodas, stupas and palace buildings of exceptional beauty. There are also 106 monastic courtyards known for their art and piety. The level of skill of the local artisans are the exquisite wood carving, stone carving, metal casting, weaving, pottery and other crafts. The finest wood carvings are seen on the ornate windows of old buildings and on the roof struts of temples. Carving skills of the local artisans are seen at every street corner in the form of images of gods and goddesses and sunken water spouts.

Architectural heritage of Kathmandu city is integral to that of the Kathmandu valley since all monuments have evolved over centuries of craftsmanship influenced by Hindu and Buddhist religious practices. The architectural treasure of the Kathmandu valley has been categorized under the well known seven groups of heritage monuments and buildings. In 2006, UNESCO declared these seven groups of monuments as a "World Heritage Site" (WHS). Five monuments in Kathmandu – Durbar square of Hanuman Dhaka, Hindu temples of Pashupatinath and Changunarayan, the Buddha stupas of Swayambu and Boudhanath; and two monuments outside Kathmandu city limits, in the satellite towns of Patan and Bhktapur – Durbar square at Patan, Durbar square at Bhaktapur. Brief details of the five Kathmandu city monuments (template shows all seven for sake of completeness) are elaborated here.
Nepalese People. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comDurbar Square. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comNepalese People. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comStudents painting Mandalas. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comStudents painting Mandalas. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comStudents painting Mandalas. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comStudents painting Mandalas. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comNepalese People. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comNepalese People. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comPashupatinath Temple. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comCremations on Bagmati River. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comCremations on Bagmati River. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comCremations on Bagmati River. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comCremations on Bagmati River. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comCremations on Bagmati River. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comPashupatinath Temple. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comPashupatinath Temple. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comNepalese People. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comNepalese People. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.comNepalese People. Kathmandu. Nepal 2011© Nora de Angelli / www.noraphotos.com

Categories & Keywords
Category:Travel and Places
Subcategory:Asia
Subcategory Detail:Nepal
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